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A visit to Washington DC is sure to include a visit to the great memorials and monuments on the National Mall. The U.S Capitol and the Lincoln Memorial are at either end of the Mall, in between them are the some of the war memorials, the great memorials to Washington and Jefferson, and the Smithsonian Institution.

The Lincoln Memorial

The Lincoln Memorial is a tribute to President Abraham Lincoln and the nation he fought to preserve during the Civil War (1861-1865).

The Memorial was built to resemble a Greek temple. It has 36 Doric columns, one for each state at the time of Lincolnís death. A sculpture by Daniel Chester French of a seated Lincoln is in the center of the memorial chamber.

A Closeup Of Lincoln

The chamber inside the memorial contains a statue of Lincoln seated, facing the Washington Monument and the Capitol. The statue of Lincoln is 19 feet high and weighs 175 tons. The chamber also houses two huge stone tables, one engraved with Lincolnís Second Inaugural Address, and the other with the Gettysburg Address.

Lincoln freeing the slaves, east of the Capitol was earliest Lincoln Memorial statue.

The Washington Monument

The Washington Monument is one of the country's most recognizable structures. Its prominence comes also because it commemorates George Washington, who remains one of the country's most admired leaders more than two centuries after his death.

The monument is 555 feet tall, the highest all-masonry tower in the world. It measures 55 feet wide at the base.

Thomas Jefferson Memorial

Situated on the South side of the Tidal Basin, in West Potomac park, the Thomas Jefferson Memorial is one of the cities most picturesque landmarks. Dedicated in 1943, on the 200th anniversary of Jefferson's birth, this simple circular classical white marble monument is in keeping with a style much favored by the third U.S. president, architect, scholar and political thinker.

A sculpture of Thomas Jefferson stands within the monument.

The Korean War Veterans Memorial

The new Korean War Veterans' Memorial lies in the shadow of the Lincoln Memorial, near the Vietnam War Veterans Memorial on the west end of the National Mall. It consists of 19 larger-than-life U.S. ground troopers equipped for battle moving toward an American flag. Etched into the granite are photographs of hundreds of faces taken from military archives.

The Marine Corps Memorial

The Marine Corps Memorial honors those Marines who have given their lives in defense of our country since 1775. It is also known as the Iwo Jima Memorial as the statue shows a group of Marines raising the American flag atop Mount Suribachi during the invasion of Iwo Jima in February 1945.

Viet Nam Veterans Memorial

The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was founded by Jan Scruggs, who served in Vietnam (in the 199th Light Infantry Brigade) from 1969-1970 as a infantry corporal. He wanted the memorial to acknowledge and recognize the service and sacrifice of all who served in Vietnam.

The Wall

Inscribed on The Wall are the names of those who sacrificed so much so we could enjoy our freedom.

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