Texas is called the Lone Star State because of the design of the state flag: a broad vertical blue stripe at left, centered by a single white star, with horizontal bars of white and red on the right. The red means courage, the white means liberty and the blue stands for loyalty. The star has five points, one for each letter of the state's name. The word "Texas" comes from the Hasinai Indian word "Tejas," which means friends or allies.
State Flag: Known as the Lone Star Flag.
Six other flags have flown over Texas. They are:
Republic of Texas 1836-1845
United States 1845-1861
Confederate States 1861-1865
United States 1865 to the present